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A study of defects on infrasound pipe array Wind-Noise-Reduction Systems (WNRS) using in-situ calibration
by Dr. Samuel Kristoffersen, Dr. Alexis Le Pichon, Dr. Stéphane Denis, Dr. Michaela Schwardt, Dr. Benoit Alcoverro


Infrasound stations, including those of the International Monitoring System (IMS) as part of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), are used to determine the location of infrasound sources (such as earthquakes, volcanoes, explosions etc.). The triangulation of these sources is done by considering the delay of the arrival times of the signal at several detectors at precisely known locations in an array with an aperture of typically a few kilometers. It is, therefore, of great importance that the amplitude and, especially, the phase of the signal at each sensor in the array is precisely known. Although the calibration of microbarometers can be performed in a laboratory setting, it is much more difficult to determine the transfer function of the wind noise reduction systems (WNRS), designed to reduce the wind associated noise. In-situ calibration of these WNRS’s can be performed using a co-located reference sensor, and comparing the response to that of the array sensor (considering only highly coherent signals) to determine the relative response of the WNRS. System defects, such as flooded pipes or blocked inlets, have significant impacts on the response, and are therefore of interest for the infrasound community. Comparisons between models of these defects and experimental results will allow for the characterization of their effects on the measurements and improvements of the models and WNRS designs. The results of these calibration and WNRS defect experiments will be presented, and compared with models. To demonstrate the importance of these in-situ calibration measurements, further studies will be undertaken at the infrasound station IS26, using a temporary WNRS with which defects can be produced. This will allow for the effects on real infrasound detections to be quantified, and corrected using the in-situ calibrations.


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Topic : Theme 1: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics.
Reference : T1-A20

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